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What Are the Different Types of Dentures?

Dentures are a versatile and widely-used solution for replacing missing teeth, offering numerous benefits such as improved appearance, functionality, and oral health. Understanding the different types of dentures can help you make an informed decision about which option is best suited to your needs. In this article, we will explore the various types of dentures available and their respective advantages.

1. Full Dentures

Full dentures, also known as complete dentures, are used when all of a person’s teeth are missing or need to be replaced. They consist of a full set of artificial teeth attached to a gum-coloured acrylic base that sits directly on the gums. Full dentures can be further classified into two categories: conventional and immediate.

– Conventional Dentures: These are made after the remaining teeth have been removed and the gums have healed, which can take several weeks. Conventional dentures offer a more precise fit as they are custom-made to the contours of your mouth after healing is complete.

– Immediate Dentures: These are prepared in advance and can be placed immediately after tooth extraction. Immediate dentures provide the benefit of not having to go without teeth during the healing period. However, they may require more adjustments as the gums and bones shrink during healing.

2. Partial Dentures

Partial dentures are used when some natural teeth remain and only a few teeth need to be replaced. They consist of replacement teeth attached to a gum-coloured base, which is connected by a metal framework that helps keep the dentures in place. Partial dentures are beneficial for maintaining the alignment of the remaining teeth, preventing them from shifting.

– Removable Partial Dentures: These can be taken out and put back in at will, making them easy to clean. They are held in place by metal clasps or precision attachments that fit onto your natural teeth.

– Fixed Partial Dentures: Also known as dental bridges, these are permanently attached to the adjacent natural teeth or dental implants. They offer more stability than removable partial dentures but require healthy adjacent teeth or implants for support.

3. Implant-Supported Dentures

Implant-supported dentures are a modern and highly stable option for tooth replacement. They are anchored to dental implants, which are surgically placed into the jawbone. This type of denture provides superior support and stability compared to conventional dentures, making them less likely to shift or slip in the mouth.

– Bar-Retained Dentures: A thin metal bar is attached to several implants in the jawbone, and the denture fits over the bar, secured by clips or other attachments.

– Ball-Retained Dentures: Each implant in the jawbone has a metal attachment that fits into corresponding sockets on the denture. This ball-and-socket mechanism ensures a secure fit.

4. Overdentures

Overdentures are designed to fit over a few remaining natural teeth or dental implants. These remaining teeth or implants provide additional support and stability for the dentures. Overdentures can be either full or partial and offer the advantage of preserving the underlying bone structure, which helps maintain facial aesthetics.

5. Immediate Dentures

As mentioned earlier, immediate dentures are placed right after tooth extraction. They can be either full or partial dentures and provide the benefit of having teeth during the healing period. Immediate dentures may require relining or adjustments as the gums heal and change shape.

6. Custom Dentures

Custom dentures are tailored to the specific needs and preferences of the individual. Made from high-quality materials, they offer a more natural look and comfortable fit compared to standard dentures. Custom dentures are created using detailed impressions and measurements of your mouth, ensuring a personalised fit and appearance.

Choosing the right type of dentures depends on various factors, including the number of teeth missing, the health of remaining teeth and gums, and personal preferences. Full dentures, partial dentures, implant-supported dentures, overdentures, immediate dentures, and custom dentures each offer unique benefits tailored to different dental needs. Consulting with a dental professional is crucial to determining the best option for restoring your smile and oral function. Contact us to find out more about the types of dentures we offer here at Smiles Centre, you can make an informed decision that enhances your quality of life and oral health.

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